1st Grade ELA
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.
Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.
With prompting and support, read and comprehend stories and poetry at grade level text complexity or above.
Reading Informational Text
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.
Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.
Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text and explain the application of this information with prompting as needed.
Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
With prompting and support, read informational texts at grade level text complexity or above.
Reading Foundational Skills
Demonstrate mastery of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes) by using knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (two letters that represent one sound).
Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables using knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound.
Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.
Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure.
Write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.
With guidance and support from adults, focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and self-reflection, and add details to strengthen writing and ideas as needed.
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of “how-to” books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions).
Speaking and Listening
Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion.
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.
Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly.
Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).
Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).
Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).
Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).
Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.
Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships (e.g., because).
1st Grade Math
- add a two-digit number and a one-digit number within 100 using concrete models (e.g., base ten blocks) or drawings
- add a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, within 100, using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction
- relate strategies for adding a two-digit and a one-digit number within 100 to a written method and explain the reasoning used to solve
- relate strategies for adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, within 100, to a written method and explain the reasoning used to solve.
- when adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, ones and ones
- sometimes it is necessary to compose tens when adding.
- compose tens when adding two-digit numbers, if necessary
- represent a word problem using objects, drawings, or equations using a symbol for the unknown
- solve addition and subtraction word problems within 20 involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions
- add and subtract within 20 using strategies such as counting on, making ten, decomposing a number leading to a ten, relationships within addition and subtraction, and using easier or known facts within 10
- add and subtract within 10 with accuracy and efficiency
- length is measured from one endpoint to another
- use a third object to compare lengths of two objects that may not be moved
- order three objects by length
- the length of an object is the number of same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps
- express the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object end to end